Different Types of Rice

There are three main types of rice and quite a few rice varieties available. On this page you will find in-depth information about the types, varieties, and also a little about the history of rice.


Rice has been, and still is the most favoured and most popular consumed staple for most countries. The different types of rice vary, whether by country, culture, a specific recipe that gives a better finish with a certain type of rice, or just your favourite.

Do you know how it first started though? Well, rice production began in China, and it goes way back to as far as 2300 B.C. The rice production later spread to other countries such as India, Sri Lanka and later spread to Greece and the Mediterranean basin, then to Europe, North Africa, North America, Brazil and Spain, and then to Central and South America. After that it began getting more popular in other parts of the world.

Some types of rice are also said to have health benefits. An example would be the brown rice which is great for reducing high cholesterol. Clinical test have proven that the outer layer, which is the bran contains oil that helps with the bad cholesterol. This same brown rice has B-complex vitamins which includes riboflavin, niacin and thiamin that nourishes the skin and improves the blood vessels.


Which do you prefer, white or brown rice? Well, most people prefer white rice because it has a smoother taste. But, brown rice is more healthier.

It is milled to remove the hull from the kernel retaining the rice bran layer and the germ. Check this out, the process to convert the brown rice into white rice results in the nutrient levels been lower. These nutrients include Vitamin E, Vitamin B6, Niacin, Riboflavin, Magnesium, Potassium, Iron, and of course there are others.

Then, these nutrients are introduced back into the white rice by synthetic sources. Also, the dietary fibre that is in brown rice reduces in white rice during processing.

The specific health benefits of brown rice over white rice are as follows:

  • Rich in fibre which prevents constipation and other bowel problems
  • Helps with diarrhea and stomach ulcers and very easy to digest
  • 4 times more vitamin B1 than white rice
  • 3 times more vitamin B3 than white rice
  • up to 10 times more vitamin B6 than white rice
  • 2 ½ times more iron than white rice
rice dish

There are many ways to prepare your different types of rice, to me, some are more delicious with a sweeter aroma. My favourite is basmati rice. Its sweet aroma, and nutty flavour makes me just fall in love with it. Add your herbs, spices and pumpkin and get a perfect one pot meal.

Nevertheless, my taste may be different from yours, so what I will humbly do is present to you a list to choose from. So, try them all, and I trust that your favourite will be among the list.

The three main types of rice is short grain, medium grain and long grain and then there are the different rice varieties.

Arborio Rice

A classic Italian short grained rice, used to make risotto.

Basmati Rice

Known and favoured for its sweet aroma and light nutty flavour.

Glutinous Rice

Also known as sticky or sweet rice, this rice is very popular in Asian cuisine.

Jasmine Rice

The most popular rice in Thailand with a distinctive jasmine aroma.

Kalijira Rice

Grown in Bangladesh and is considered as "prince of rice" and is very aromatic.

Parboiled Rice

Rice that has been partially boiled in the husk.

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